Gene description for ACTN4
Gene name actinin, alpha 4
Gene symbol ACTN4
Other names/aliases ACTININ-4
FSGS
FSGS1
Species Homo sapiens
 Database cross references - ACTN4
ExoCarta ExoCarta_81
Entrez Gene 81
HGNC 166
MIM 604638
UniProt O43707  
 ACTN4 identified in exosomes derived from the following tissue/cell type
B cells 20458337    
B cells 20458337    
B cells 20458337    
Bladder cancer cells 20224111    
Colorectal cancer cells 17956143    
Colorectal cancer cells 22740476    
Colorectal cancer cells 23161513    
Colorectal cancer cells 23161513    
Colorectal cancer cells 23161513    
Colorectal cancer cells 25890246    
Colorectal cancer cells 25890246    
Colorectal cancer cells 25890246    
Colorectal cancer cells 25890246    
Keratinocytes 19530224    
Keratinocytes 19530224    
Melanoma cells 22635005    
Melanoma cells 25950383    
Melanoma cells 25950383    
Melanoma cells 25950383    
Melanoma cells 25950383    
Melanoma cells 25950383    
Melanoma cells 25950383    
Mesenchymal stem cells Unpublished / Not applicable
Mesothelioma cells 15111327    
Neuroblastoma cells 25944692    
Ovarian cancer cells 23333927    
Ovarian cancer cells 23333927    
Platelets 25332113    
Platelets 25332113    
Platelets 25332113    
Prostate cancer cells 22723089    
Prostate cancer cells 22723089    
Prostate cancer cells 22723089    
Prostate cancer cells 22723089    
Prostate cancer cells 22723089    
Prostate cancer cells 22723089    
Prostate cancer cells 25844599    
Prostate cancer cells 25844599    
Saliva 19199708    
Squamous carcinoma cells 20124223    
Urine 21595033    
Urine 21595033    
Urine 21595033    
Urine 22418980    
Urine 22418980    
 Gene ontology annotations for ACTN4
Molecular Function
    ligand-dependent nuclear receptor transcription coactivator activity GO:0030374 IMP
    protein binding GO:0005515 IPI
    calcium ion binding GO:0005509 IEA
    protein homodimerization activity GO:0042803 TAS
    protein N-terminus binding GO:0047485 IEA
    integrin binding GO:0005178 TAS
    actin filament binding GO:0051015 IDA
    nuclear hormone receptor binding GO:0035257 IPI
    retinoic acid receptor binding GO:0042974 IPI
    actin binding GO:0003779 TAS
    poly(A) RNA binding GO:0044822 IDA
    nucleoside binding GO:0001882 IDA
Biological Process
    protein localization to bicellular tight junction GO:1902396 IEA
    retinoic acid receptor signaling pathway GO:0048384 IDA
    platelet activation GO:0030168 TAS
    peroxisome proliferator activated receptor signaling pathway GO:0035357 IDA
    blood coagulation GO:0007596 TAS
    actin filament bundle assembly GO:0051017 IEA
    positive regulation of cellular component movement GO:0051272 IMP
    response to hypoxia GO:0001666 IEA
    bicellular tight junction assembly GO:0070830 IEA
    protein transport GO:0015031 IEA
    regulation of nucleic acid-templated transcription GO:1903506 IMP
    negative regulation of cellular component movement GO:0051271 IEA
    regulation of apoptotic process GO:0042981 NAS
    positive regulation of pinocytosis GO:0048549 IEA
    platelet degranulation GO:0002576 TAS
    positive regulation of sodium:proton antiporter activity GO:0032417 NAS
Subcellular Localization
    extracellular space GO:0005615 IDA
    extracellular region GO:0005576 TAS
    protein complex GO:0043234 IDA
    Z disc GO:0030018 IEA
    neuron projection GO:0043005 IEA
    cytoplasm GO:0005737 IDA
    cortical cytoskeleton GO:0030863 IEA
    pseudopodium GO:0031143 TAS
    ribonucleoprotein complex GO:0030529 IDA
    focal adhesion GO:0005925 IDA
    extracellular exosome GO:0070062 IDA
    nucleus GO:0005634 IDA
    cell-cell junction GO:0005911 IEA
    stress fiber GO:0001725 IEA
    platelet alpha granule lumen GO:0031093 TAS
    perinuclear region of cytoplasm GO:0048471 IDA
 Experiment description of studies that identified ACTN4 in exosomes
1
Experiment ID 79
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
EV Cytosolic markers
CD81|MHCII
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 20458337    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description MHC class II-associated proteins in B-cell exosomes and potential functional implications for exosome biogenesis - Sample 1
Authors Buschow SI, van Balkom BW, Aalberts M, Heck AJ, Wauben M, Stoorvogel W.
Journal name ICB
Publication year 2010
Sample B cells
Sample name RN (HLA-DR15)
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Immunobeads (MHC Class II)
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [FT-ICR]
Western blotting
2
Experiment ID 80
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
EV Cytosolic markers
CD81|MHCII
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 20458337    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description MHC class II-associated proteins in B-cell exosomes and potential functional implications for exosome biogenesis -Sample 2
Authors Buschow SI, van Balkom BW, Aalberts M, Heck AJ, Wauben M, Stoorvogel W.
Journal name ICB
Publication year 2010
Sample B cells
Sample name RN (HLA-DR15)
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Immunobeads (MHC Class II)
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [FT-ICR]
Western blotting
3
Experiment ID 81
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
EV Cytosolic markers
CD81|MHCII
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 20458337    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description MHC class II-associated proteins in B-cell exosomes and potential functional implications for exosome biogenesis - Sample 3
Authors Buschow SI, van Balkom BW, Aalberts M, Heck AJ, Wauben M, Stoorvogel W.
Journal name ICB
Publication year 2010
Sample B cells
Sample name RN (HLA-DR15)
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Immunobeads (MHC Class II)
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [FT-ICR]
Western blotting
4
Experiment ID 76
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101|GAPDH|HSP90
EV Cytosolic markers
CD81|CD9|CD63|LAMP1|MHCI
EV Membrane markers
HSP90B1
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 20224111    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteomics analysis of bladder cancer exosomes.
Authors Welton JL, Khanna S, Giles PJ, Brennan P, Brewis IA, Staffurth J, Mason MD, Clayton A.
Journal name MCP
Publication year 2010
Sample Bladder cancer cells
Sample name HT1376
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.10-1.19 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [MALDI TOF/TOF]
Western blotting
FACS
5
Experiment ID 20
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP90
EV Cytosolic markers
CD63|CD81|LAMP1
EV Membrane markers
GOLGA2|cytochrome c
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 17956143    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteomic analysis of microvesicles derived from human colorectal cancer cells.
Authors Choi DS, Lee JM, Park GW, Lim HW, Bang JY, Kim YK, Kwon KH, Kwon HJ, Kim KP, Gho YS
Journal name JPR
Publication year 2007
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name HT29
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Diafiltration
Flotation density 1.16 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [LTQ]
Western blotting
6
Experiment ID 201
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
Alix|TSG101|HSP70
EV Cytosolic markers
CD9
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 22740476    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Restoration of full-length APC protein in SW480 colon cancer cells induces exosome-mediated secretion of DKK-4.
Authors Lim JW, Mathias RA, Kapp EA, Layton MJ, Faux MC, Burgess AW, Ji H, Simpson RJ.
Journal name Electrophoresis
Publication year 2012
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name SW480
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Ultracentrifugation
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
7
Experiment ID 207
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101|HSP70
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1
EV Membrane markers
VDAC
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23161513    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteomic analysis of exosomes from mutant KRAS colon cancer cells identifies intercellular transfer of mutant KRAS.
Authors Demory Beckler M, Higginbotham JN, Franklin JL, Ham AJ, Halvey PJ, Imasuen IE, Whitwell C, Li M, Liebler DC, Coffey RJ.
Journal name Mol Cell Proteomics
Publication year 2012
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name DKO-1
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
8
Experiment ID 208
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101|HSP70
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1
EV Membrane markers
VDAC
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23161513    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteomic analysis of exosomes from mutant KRAS colon cancer cells identifies intercellular transfer of mutant KRAS.
Authors Demory Beckler M, Higginbotham JN, Franklin JL, Ham AJ, Halvey PJ, Imasuen IE, Whitwell C, Li M, Liebler DC, Coffey RJ.
Journal name Mol Cell Proteomics
Publication year 2012
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name Dks-8
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
9
Experiment ID 209
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101|HSP70
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1
EV Membrane markers
VDAC
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23161513    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteomic analysis of exosomes from mutant KRAS colon cancer cells identifies intercellular transfer of mutant KRAS.
Authors Demory Beckler M, Higginbotham JN, Franklin JL, Ham AJ, Halvey PJ, Imasuen IE, Whitwell C, Li M, Liebler DC, Coffey RJ.
Journal name Mol Cell Proteomics
Publication year 2012
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name DLD-1
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
10
Experiment ID 282
ISEV standards
CEM
EV Biophysical techniques
Alix|TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
CD63|CD81|EpCAM
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
DLS
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25890246    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Highly-purified exosomes and shed microvesicles isolated from the human colon cancer cell line LIM1863 by sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration are biochemically and functionally distinct.
Authors Xu R, Greening DW, Rai A, Ji H, Simpson RJ.
Journal name Methods
Publication year 2015
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name LIM1863 - Ultracentrifugation - Rep 1
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Ultracentrifugation
Centrifugal concentration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
Western blotting
11
Experiment ID 283
ISEV standards
CEM
EV Biophysical techniques
Alix|TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
CD63|CD81|EpCAM
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
DLS
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25890246    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Highly-purified exosomes and shed microvesicles isolated from the human colon cancer cell line LIM1863 by sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration are biochemically and functionally distinct.
Authors Xu R, Greening DW, Rai A, Ji H, Simpson RJ.
Journal name Methods
Publication year 2015
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name LIM1863 - Ultracentrifugation - Rep 2
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Ultracentrifugation
Centrifugal concentration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
Western blotting
12
Experiment ID 285
ISEV standards
CEM
EV Biophysical techniques
Alix|TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
CD63|CD81|EpCAM
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
DLS
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25890246    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Highly-purified exosomes and shed microvesicles isolated from the human colon cancer cell line LIM1863 by sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration are biochemically and functionally distinct.
Authors Xu R, Greening DW, Rai A, Ji H, Simpson RJ.
Journal name Methods
Publication year 2015
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name LIM1863 - Sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration - Rep 1
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration
Centrifugal concentration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
Western blotting
13
Experiment ID 286
ISEV standards
CEM
EV Biophysical techniques
Alix|TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
CD63|CD81|EpCAM
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
DLS
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25890246    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Highly-purified exosomes and shed microvesicles isolated from the human colon cancer cell line LIM1863 by sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration are biochemically and functionally distinct.
Authors Xu R, Greening DW, Rai A, Ji H, Simpson RJ.
Journal name Methods
Publication year 2015
Sample Colorectal cancer cells
Sample name LIM1863 - Sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration - Rep 2
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Sequential centrifugal ultrafiltration
Centrifugal concentration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
Western blotting
14
Experiment ID 189
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
EV Cytosolic markers
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 19530224    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Profile of exosomes related proteins released by differentiated and undifferentiated human keratinocytes.
Authors Chavez-Muñoz C, Kilani RT, Ghahary A.
Journal name J Cell Physiol
Publication year 2009
Sample Keratinocytes
Sample name Keratinocytes - Differentiated
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Sucrose cushion
Filtration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
15
Experiment ID 190
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSC70
EV Cytosolic markers
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 19530224    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Profile of exosomes related proteins released by differentiated and undifferentiated human keratinocytes.
Authors Chavez-Muñoz C, Kilani RT, Ghahary A.
Journal name J Cell Physiol
Publication year 2009
Sample Keratinocytes
Sample name Keratinocytes - Undifferentiated
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Sucrose cushion
Filtration
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
16
Experiment ID 200
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP70|HSP90|TSG101|Alix|GAPDH
EV Cytosolic markers
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 22635005    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Melanoma exosomes educate bone marrow progenitor cells toward a pro-metastatic phenotype through MET.
Authors Peinado H, Aleckovic M, Lavotshkin S, Matei I, Costa-Silva B, Moreno-Bueno G, Hergueta-Redondo M, Williams C, Garcia-Santos G, Ghajar C, Nitadori-Hoshino A, Hoffman C, Badal K, Garcia BA, Callahan MK, Yuan J, Martins VR, Skog J, Kaplan RN, Brady MS, Wolchok JD, Chapman PB, Kang Y, Bromberg J, Lyden D.
Journal name Nat Med
Publication year 2012
Sample Melanoma cells
Sample name B16-F10
SK-MEL-202
SK-MEL035
SK-MEL-265
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Sucrose cushion
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
17
Experiment ID 255
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25950383    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteome characterization of melanoma exosomes reveals a specific signature for metastatic cell lines
Authors Lazar I, Clement E, Ducoux-Petit M, Denat L, Soldan V, Dauvillier S, Balor S4, Burlet-Schiltz O1, Larue L, Muller C Nieto L
Journal name Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
Publication year 2015
Sample Melanoma cells
Sample name G1
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Unltracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.13 - 1.19 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Mass spectrometry
18
Experiment ID 256
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25950383    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteome characterization of melanoma exosomes reveals a specific signature for metastatic cell lines
Authors Lazar I, Clement E, Ducoux-Petit M, Denat L, Soldan V, Dauvillier S, Balor S4, Burlet-Schiltz O1, Larue L, Muller C Nieto L
Journal name Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
Publication year 2015
Sample Melanoma cells
Sample name 501mel
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Unltracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.13 - 1.19 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Mass spectrometry
19
Experiment ID 257
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25950383    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteome characterization of melanoma exosomes reveals a specific signature for metastatic cell lines
Authors Lazar I, Clement E, Ducoux-Petit M, Denat L, Soldan V, Dauvillier S, Balor S4, Burlet-Schiltz O1, Larue L, Muller C Nieto L
Journal name Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
Publication year 2015
Sample Melanoma cells
Sample name Daju
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Unltracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.13 - 1.19 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Mass spectrometry
20
Experiment ID 258
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1|CD81
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25950383    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteome characterization of melanoma exosomes reveals a specific signature for metastatic cell lines
Authors Lazar I, Clement E, Ducoux-Petit M, Denat L, Soldan V, Dauvillier S, Balor S4, Burlet-Schiltz O1, Larue L, Muller C Nieto L
Journal name Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
Publication year 2015
Sample Melanoma cells
Sample name SKMEL28
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Unltracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.13 - 1.19 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Mass spectrometry
21
Experiment ID 259
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25950383    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteome characterization of melanoma exosomes reveals a specific signature for metastatic cell lines
Authors Lazar I, Clement E, Ducoux-Petit M, Denat L, Soldan V, Dauvillier S, Balor S4, Burlet-Schiltz O1, Larue L, Muller C Nieto L
Journal name Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
Publication year 2015
Sample Melanoma cells
Sample name A375M
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Unltracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.13 - 1.19 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Mass spectrometry
22
Experiment ID 260
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
FLOT1|CD81
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25950383    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteome characterization of melanoma exosomes reveals a specific signature for metastatic cell lines
Authors Lazar I, Clement E, Ducoux-Petit M, Denat L, Soldan V, Dauvillier S, Balor S4, Burlet-Schiltz O1, Larue L, Muller C Nieto L
Journal name Pigment Cell Melanoma Res
Publication year 2015
Sample Melanoma cells
Sample name 1205Lu
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Unltracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.13 - 1.19 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Mass spectrometry
23
Experiment ID 126
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
GAPDH
EV Cytosolic markers
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry [LTQ-FT Ultra]
PubMed ID Unpublished / Not applicable
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Mesenchymal Stem Cell Exosomes: The Future MSC-based Therapy?
Authors Ruenn Chai Lai, Ronne Wee Yeh Yeo, Soon Sim Tan, Bin Zhang, Yijun Yin, Newman Siu Kwan Sze, Andre Choo, and Sai Kiang Lim
Journal name Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy
Publication year 2011
Sample Mesenchymal stem cells
Sample name huES9.E1
Isolation/purification methods HPLC
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Antobody array
Mass spectrometry
24
Experiment ID 25
ISEV standards
IEM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP90|beta-tubulin
EV Cytosolic markers
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 15111327    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteomic analysis of exosomes secreted by human mesothelioma cells.
Authors Hegmans JP, Bard MP, Hemmes A, Luider TM, Kleijmeer MJ, Prins JB, Zitvogel L, Burgers SA, Hoogsteden HC, Lambrecht BN.
Journal name AJP
Publication year 2004
Sample Mesothelioma cells
Sample name PMR-MM7
PMR-MM8
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [MALDI TOF]
Western blotting
25
Experiment ID 224
ISEV standards
EM|AFM
EV Biophysical techniques
Alix|TSG101
EV Cytosolic markers
CD63|CD81
EV Membrane markers
GOLGA2
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25944692    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Proteogenomic analysis reveals exosomes are more oncogenic than ectosomes
Authors Keerthikumar S, Gangoda L, Liem M, Fonseka P, Atukorala I, Ozcitti C, Mechler A, Adda CG, Ang CS, Mathivanan S
Journal name Oncotarget
Publication year 2015
Sample Neuroblastoma cells
Sample name SH-SY5Y
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
OptiPrep density gradient
Flotation density 1.10 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
Western blotting
26
Experiment ID 211
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101|Alix
EV Cytosolic markers
EpCAM|TFRC
EV Membrane markers
cytochrome c|GOLGA2
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23333927    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Characterization and proteomic analysis of ovarian cancer-derived exosomes.
Authors Liang B, Peng P, Chen S, Li L, Zhang M, Cao D, Yang J, Li H, Gui T, Li X, Shen K.
Journal name J Proteomics
Publication year 2013
Sample Ovarian cancer cells
Sample name IGROV1
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.09-1.15 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
27
Experiment ID 212
ISEV standards
CEM
EV Biophysical techniques
TSG101|Alix
EV Cytosolic markers
EpCAM|TFRC
EV Membrane markers
Cytochrome C|GOLGA2
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 23333927    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Characterization and proteomic analysis of ovarian cancer-derived exosomes.
Authors Liang B, Peng P, Chen S, Li L, Zhang M, Cao D, Yang J, Li H, Gui T, Li X, Shen K.
Journal name J Proteomics
Publication year 2013
Sample Ovarian cancer cells
Sample name OVCAR-3
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Ultracentrifugation
Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density 1.09-1.15 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
28
Experiment ID 231
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
Alix
EV Cytosolic markers
CD63|CD9
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
NTA
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25332113    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Lipidomic and proteomic characterization of platelet extracellular vesicle subfractions from senescent platelets
Authors Pienimaeki-Roemer A, Kuhlmann K, Bottcher A, Konovalova T, Black A, Orso E, Liebisch G, Ahrens M, Eisenacher M, Meyer HE, Schmitz G.
Journal name Transfusion
Publication year 2015
Sample Platelets
Sample name PL-Exs - Rep 1
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Ultracentrifugation
Optiprep density gradient
Flotation density 1.12-1.15 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Lipids
Methods used in the study Western blotting
Mass spectrometry
29
Experiment ID 232
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
EV Cytosolic markers
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25332113    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Lipidomic and proteomic characterization of platelet extracellular vesicle subfractions from senescent platelets
Authors Pienimaeki-Roemer A, Kuhlmann K, Bottcher A, Konovalova T, Black A, Orso E, Liebisch G, Ahrens M, Eisenacher M, Meyer HE, Schmitz G.
Journal name Transfusion
Publication year 2015
Sample Platelets
Sample name PL-Exs - Rep 2
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Ultracentrifugation
Optiprep density gradient
Flotation density 1.12-1.15 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
30
Experiment ID 233
ISEV standards
EV Biophysical techniques
EV Cytosolic markers
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method Mass spectrometry
PubMed ID 25332113    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Lipidomic and proteomic characterization of platelet extracellular vesicle subfractions from senescent platelets
Authors Pienimaeki-Roemer A, Kuhlmann K, Bottcher A, Konovalova T, Black A, Orso E, Liebisch G, Ahrens M, Eisenacher M, Meyer HE, Schmitz G.
Journal name Transfusion
Publication year 2015
Sample Platelets
Sample name PL-Exs - Rep 3
Isolation/purification methods Differential centrifugation
Filtration
Ultracentrifugation
Optiprep density gradient
Flotation density 1.12-1.15 g/mL
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry
31
Experiment ID 136
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP70|HSP90|RAB5
EV Cytosolic markers
CD9
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method
Mass spectrometry [QTOF]   
PubMed ID 22723089    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Prostate cancer cell derived exosomes
Authors Hosseini-Beheshti E, Guns ES.
Journal name MCP
Publication year 2012
Sample Prostate cancer cells
Sample name PC3 - Rep 2
Isolation/purification methods Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [QTOF]
32
Experiment ID 137
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP70|HSP90|RAB6
EV Cytosolic markers
CD10
EV Membrane markers
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method
Mass spectrometry [QTOF]   
PubMed ID 22723089    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Prostate cancer cell derived exosomes
Authors Hosseini-Beheshti E, Guns ES.
Journal name MCP
Publication year 2012
Sample Prostate cancer cells
Sample name PC3 - Rep 3
Isolation/purification methods Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [QTOF]
33
Experiment ID 138
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP70|HSP90|RAB5
EV Cytosolic markers
LAMP2|CD9
EV Membrane markers
HSP90B1
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method
Mass spectrometry [QTOF]   
PubMed ID 22723089    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Prostate cancer cell derived exosomes
Authors Hosseini-Beheshti E, Guns ES.
Journal name MCP
Publication year 2012
Sample Prostate cancer cells
Sample name DU145 - Rep 2
Isolation/purification methods Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [QTOF]
34
Experiment ID 139
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP70|HSP90|RAB5
EV Cytosolic markers
LAMP2|CD9
EV Membrane markers
HSP90B1
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method
Mass spectrometry [QTOF]   
PubMed ID 22723089    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Prostate cancer cell derived exosomes
Authors Hosseini-Beheshti E, Guns ES.
Journal name MCP
Publication year 2012
Sample Prostate cancer cells
Sample name DU145 - Rep 3
Isolation/purification methods Sucrose density gradient
Flotation density -
Molecules identified in the study Protein
Methods used in the study Mass spectrometry [QTOF]
35
Experiment ID 140
ISEV standards
EM
EV Biophysical techniques
HSP70|HSP90|RAB5
EV Cytosolic markers
LAMP2|CD9
EV Membrane markers
HSP90B1
EV Negative markers
EV Particle analysis
Identified molecule protein
Identification method
Mass spectrometry [QTOF]   
PubMed ID 22723089    
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment description Prostate cancer cell derived exosomes
Authors Hosseini-Beheshti E, Guns ES.
Journal name MCP
Publication year 2012
Sample Prostate cancer cells